Accelerate:
Plugging into the power of plants
with biotechnology
Biorefineries transform bio-feedstocks such as crops, waste and other organic material into fuel, power, heat, and feed. These plant powerhouses play a key role in the pursuit of a climate-neutral society
Let’s plug into the power of plants

We are heavily dependent on fossil-based materials

55 billion tonnes

That’s how much CO2 we emitted into our atmosphere in 2021. And the number has not started declining yet. With biorefineries we can reduce emissions from transportation, energy and manufacturing.

The fossil-based era was one of progress, but at a high price. Fossil-based resources have contributed the majority of the 1.6 trillion tons of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted since the start of the industrial revolution. That's led to an average global temperature rise of about 1° Celsius. We are heavily dependent on fossil-based resources in sectors such as transportation, energy and manufacturing. To make our society climate neutral and save our planet, it is imperative that we change this paradigm.

Bring on the power of plants

By plugging into the power of plants, we can help bridge the gap to a net-zero future. In fact, according to International Energy Agency analysis, we can’t reach net zero by 2050 without biorefineries. Instead of refining oil, we can refine plants and break our dependence on fossil-based materials. Biotechnology-enabled biorefineries are a here-and-now solution. They're saving millions of tons of CO2 by turning waste and plants into a range of end-products, including low-carbon fuels.

Today, biofuels are primarily used for light-duty vehicles. In the future, the same technology can be used for aviation and marine transport, as well as biochemicals and bioplastic.

This is a power plant

A plant is not just a plant. It consists of different parts

With biorefineries, we use every single part of the plant optimally

Starch
Can be used for fuel. Currently for cars​. In the future for aeroplanes and ships, ​as well as bioplastics.​
Protein
Can be used for high-quality feed for animals.​
Hemicellulose
Cellulose
Like starch, can be used for biomass-based fuels. Can potentially be used for green chemicals​.
Lignin
Can be used to generate electricity and heat. Can potentially be mixed with ethanol to make more sustainable shipping fuels.
Ash/nutrients
Can be used to upgrade animal feed quality​.

And wait, there's more:

Making the most of biogenic CO2 with carbon capture

Biorefineries produce what is known as biogenic CO2. Biogenic CO2 is climate neutral as it comes from plants that have taken carbon from the atmosphere using photosynthesis. But biorefineries can make this carbon even more sustainable by capturing it. Then they can either store it or use it as a raw material for fuels, for example.

If we want to make climate neutrality a reality, we urgently need to use every tool we have available. That's why biofuels are essential to meeting our net-zero ambitions. They're currently one of the most cost-effective solutions for carbon emissions reductions. In the future, biofuels from biorefineries will also help decarbonize heavy-duty transport including marine and aviation, and could potentially even supply other products to support the net-zero journey, including biochemicals and high value protein feed.

Hans Ole Klingenberg

VP, Marketing Industrial Biosolutions

If we want to make climate neutrality a reality, we urgently need to use every tool we have available. That's why biofuels are essential to meeting our net-zero ambitions. They're currently one of the most cost-effective solutions for carbon emissions reductions. In the future, biofuels from biorefineries will also help decarbonize heavy-duty transport including marine and aviation, and could potentially even supply other products to support the net-zero journey, including biochemicals and high value protein feed.

Hans Ole Klingenberg

VP, Marketing Industrial Biosolutions

How do enzymes, yeasts and microbes work in a biorefinery?

Biotechnology-enabled biorefineries process organic material into fuel, power, heat, feed, and other valuable compounds. Enzymes turn starch and cellulosic materials into sugar. These sugars are the basis for many valuable end products. Once fermented by yeast into alcohol, they’re also the basis for biofuels.

Decarbonizing the global
maritime industry

Collaboration is the key to accelerating the maritime industry towards its net-zero vision. That's why Novozymes has joined the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping on this journey as a Mission Ambassador.

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